After completion of the secondary education programme, school leavers take the matura examinations. Pupils must pass two matura examinations: a compulsory examination in the Lithuanian Language and Literature and an elective examination. In total, school leavers can select no more than five examinations and take six examinations.
Generally most school leavers select three examinations. In addition to the mandatory examination in the Lithuanian Language and Literature, the most popular are national examinations in English, History, and Mathematics. Examinations are criterion-referenced assessment.
Examinations are conducted in a centralised manner and are organised by the National Examination Centre of the Ministry of Education and Science.